What is Corona virus? Causes, Symptoms & Treatment

China is taking every possible action to prevent the Corona virus from spreading. Until now, the death toll due to Corona virus has reached 3427 and more than twenty thousand cases of infection have been registered in 27 countries. The World Health Organization has already announced an emergency. Presently, three cases also reported in India. In this post, let’s know what is Corona virus? What are its Causes, Symptoms, Treatment, and also know how to prevent it?

What is Corona virus?

2019-nCoV belongs to the same group of viruses that caused Severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS-CoV outbreak in 2003) and Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus or camel flu (MERS-CoV outbreak in 2012) causing viral and severe respiratory infections in humans. Corona virus (CoV) belongs to a family of viruses namely the Nidovirales order, which includes Coronaviridae, Arteriviridae, and Roniviridae, whose infection can cause problems ranging from a cold to breathlessness. It is a group of viruses that cause fatal diseases in mammals and birds. In humans, they cause respiratory illnesses including the common cold.

The coronavirus is named from a characteristic corona or crown of sugar proteins enveloping the particle. Further, they’re further divided into four groups in the Coronavirinae family. They’re Alphacoronavirus, Betacoronavirus, Gammacoronavirus, and Deltacoronavirus. Alphacoronavirus, and Betacoronavirus, only infect mammals, Gammacoronavirus infects birds while Deltacoronavirus can infect them both. They develop through airborne droplets of fluid produced by infected people and its severance can be lethal. This virus was never been seen before and it rose in December in Wuhan, China.

1. Coronavirus Symptoms

According to WHO, because of the infection caused by a coronavirus, problems like fever, cold, difficulty in breathing, runny nose, and sore throat can arise. This can also transmit from person to person. No vaccine has been found to inhibit the virus from spreading and so, it’s a matter of high attention. The virus was first identified in Wuhan of China in December 2019 and now has reached other countries. The infected may have a variety of symptoms. Snakes assumed to be the possible reason for this outbreak, but some experts think it’s absurd and bat might also be its root. However, Health officers are trying to identify the root of the 2019-nCoV. A wet market (a place that sell dead and live animals in open) is believed to be the origin of 2019-nCoV just like the SARS-CoV outbreak in 2003.

2. Coronavirus Treatment and Prevention

Health authorities have begun clinical trials and are searching for ways to combat coronavirus infections. The best way to prevent infection is a precaution. The following guidelines have issued by the Ministry of Health to prevent coronavirus. According to them,

Follow regular personal hygiene.
Wash hands regularly with soap.
Cover your nose and mouth with a handkerchief or tissue paper while coughing and sneezing.
Keep distance from people who are unwell, or having cold and flu symptoms.
Avoid the intake of raw/undercooked eggs and meat.
Avoid going slaughterhouses, farms, or animal markets.
Wear a mask if you’ve respiratory ailments like a cough or runny nose.

Preventing Coronavirus from growing and spreading has become an urgency and necessity for health administrators. Nonetheless, China is making everything feasible to prevent it. But, after continuous cases of coronavirus across the world, the World Health Organization (WHO) has announced the coronavirus a worldwide emergency.

Several confirmed cases of Corona virus reported in 26 other countries apart from China. These countries include Thailand, Japan, Singapore, Hong Kong, South Korea, Australia, Malaysia, the USA, France, Taiwan, Germany, Macao, UAE, U.K, Vietnam, Canada, Nepal, India, Philippines, Russia, Italy, Sweden, Finland, Cambodia, Sri Lanka, and Spain. As a result, many airline services have dwindled or canceled flights to china. Besides, Foreign governments have started evacuating their citizens from China. Meanwhile, UK, US, Australia, New Zealand, Canada, EU countries, Japan, South Korea, India, Turkey, and Egypt countries have evacuated their citizens and brought them home.

The number of tourists has decreased due to this outbreak in China which consequently can affect China’s economy. Besides, foreign countries have asked their citizens to avoid visiting China. As precautionary steps, many countries have also sealed their borders with China and also, for now, have halted people coming from Wuhan.

Source: womencommunityonline